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Buffalo State Hospital, Buffalo, N.Y.

Historic Photographs

Buffalo State Hospital, Buffalo, N.Y.

Historic Photographs | Item# 102474

H.H. Richardson Complex is a recently-coined name for the Buffalo
State Asylum for the Insane
, a large Medina red sandstone and brick hospital
that stands on the grounds of the present day

Buffalo Psychiatric Center
in
Buffalo, New York.
The official name for the complex (at least technically so) remains as the
Buffalo Psychiatric Center
(originally Buffalo State Asylum for the
Insane
, and, later, known as Buffalo State Hospital). It was
designated a
National Historic Landmark
in 1986.,[2][3]


The hospital buildings were designed in 1870 in the
Kirkbride Plan by
architect Henry
Hobson Richardson
with grounds by landscape architect
Frederick Law
Olmsted
.[4]
The complex consists of a central administrative tower and five pavilions or
wards progressively set back on each side, for eleven buildings total, all
connected by short curved two-story corridors. Patients were segregated by sex,
males on the east side, females on the west. The wards housed mental patients
until the mid-1970s. The central administration building was used for offices
until 1994. In 1973, the Asylum was added to the

National Register of Historic Places
and in 1986, it was designated a
National
Historic Landmark
.



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